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Publication and Communication

Calibration and application of the IP25 biomarker for Arctic sea ice reconstructions


P. Cabedo Sanz, A. Navarro Rodriguez, S.T. Belt, T.A. Brown, J. Knies, K. Husum, J. Giraudeau,
and J. Andrews. 

First Author Affiliation

U. Plymouth, UK


EGU General Assembly 2012

Vienna, Austria

23-27 April 2012




The presence of the sea ice diatom biomarker IP25 in Arctic marine sediments has been used in previous studies as a proxy for past spring sea ice occurrence and as an indicator of wider palaeoenvironmental conditions for different regions of the Arctic over various timescales [e.g. 1, 3]. In addition, measurement of IP25 has also been applied as a sea ice origin tracer for studying the transfer of organic carbon through Arctic food-webs [2].
The current study focuses on three main areas: (1) In order to improve on the quantitative analytical aspects of IP25 based research, we present here the results of a large scale extraction, purification and identification procedure for IP25 from marine sediments. This has confirmed the structure of IP25 in sediments and enabled more robust quantitative measurements by gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to be established. (2) Quantitative measurements of IP25 from a sediment core from Andfjord (continental shelf, Tromsø, Norway) have been determined for the period 6.3 to 14.3 ka BP. The results of this study add significant further information to that reported previously from other biomarker studies for this core (e.g. brassicasterol) [4]. (3) Analytical detection issues (GC-MS) regarding the occurrence of IP25 in other sub-Arctic regions (e.g. East Greenland – North Iceland area) will be presented and discussed with relation to other proxy data (e.g. IRD).

1. Belt, S. T., Vare, L. L., Massé, G., Manners, H. R., Price, J. C., MacLachlan, S. E., Andrews, J. T. & Schmidt, S. (2010) ’Striking similarities in temporal changes to spring sea ice occurrence across the central Canadian Arctic Archipelago over the last 7000 years’, Quaternary Science Reviews, 29 (25-26), pp. 3489-3504.
2. Brown, T. A. & Belt, S. T. (2012) ’Identification of the sea ice diatom biomarker IP25 in Arctic benthic
macrofauna: direct evidence for a sea ice diatom diet in Arctic heterotrophs’, Polar Biology, 35, pp. 131-
3. Müller, J., Massé, G., Stein, R. & Belt, S. T. (2009) ’Variability of sea-ice conditions in the Fram Strait over
the past 30,000 years’, Nature Geoscience, 2 (11), pp. 772-776.
4. .Knies, J. (2005) ’Climate-induced changes in sedimentary regimes for organic matter supply on the continental shelf off northern Norway’, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69 (19), pp. 4631-4647

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